Italian Adaptation and Validation of the Dispositional Envy Scale

Valentina Nannini, Andrea Caputo, Francesco Marchini, Gabriella Martino, Viviana Langher


This paper aimed at translating and validating the Dispositional Envy Scale (DES)
into Italian and testing the concurrent validity with a projective technique. Two
studies were conducted on a general population (study 1, N=154) (45.4% males;
Mage=37.49; SD=14.57) and university student sample (study 2, N=233) (17.2%
males; Mage=20.20; SD=2.70). Participants completed envy, gratitude, social
desirability, aggression and career adaptability measures, and a completion test to
measure envy related responses (empathic identification, mania, frustration and
destructiveness). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses suggest that the
DES is not unidimensional but shows two correlated components referring to
hostility (6 items) and inferiority (2 items), with the former possessing a satisfactory
reliability and forms of convergent evidence with other measures and the latter not
providing enough robust evidence in measuring envy. No association with
destructiveness as proper envy was found with both the components, but only a
moderate correlation with frustration, revealing the different nature of the
constructs underlying the DES and the projective technique.


Dispositional Envy Scale; Envy; Gratitude; Validation; Aggression; Projective Technique.

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